为什么在webpack打包的react/vue等应用中,有process对象
发布于 1 个月前 作者 wangchaoduo 459 次浏览 来自 问答

一般都会在生产环境webpack.config中配置

	new webpack.DefinePlugin({
            'process.env.NODE_ENV': JSON.stringify('production')
        }),

但是我在vue的应用代码中打印process后,出来

{"title":"browser","browser":true,"env":{},"argv":[],"version":"","versions":{}}

我个人的一点小理解,process是node核心模块,脱离了node引擎不应该存在,那我觉得或许是webpack在某个地方将process对象引入进去,但是通过打印process.cwd()返回为’/’,所以应该也不是被引入的,很疑惑这个process对象从何而来,为何存在

4 回复

webpack并不总是会引入process对象,而是在应用使用到process对象时,对process对象进行polyfill处理,通常出现在靠process.env.NODE_ENV来确定是生产还是开发环境的地方(开发环境会输出一些提示和报错信息,生产环境不会) 相关代码可以在webpack的依赖依赖中找到,代码不长,直接贴在下面了

// shim for using process in browser
var process = module.exports = {};

// cached from whatever global is present so that test runners that stub it
// don't break things.  But we need to wrap it in a try catch in case it is
// wrapped in strict mode code which doesn't define any globals.  It's inside a
// function because try/catches deoptimize in certain engines.

var cachedSetTimeout;
var cachedClearTimeout;

function defaultSetTimout() {
    throw new Error('setTimeout has not been defined');
}
function defaultClearTimeout () {
    throw new Error('clearTimeout has not been defined');
}
(function () {
    try {
        if (typeof setTimeout === 'function') {
            cachedSetTimeout = setTimeout;
        } else {
            cachedSetTimeout = defaultSetTimout;
        }
    } catch (e) {
        cachedSetTimeout = defaultSetTimout;
    }
    try {
        if (typeof clearTimeout === 'function') {
            cachedClearTimeout = clearTimeout;
        } else {
            cachedClearTimeout = defaultClearTimeout;
        }
    } catch (e) {
        cachedClearTimeout = defaultClearTimeout;
    }
} ())
function runTimeout(fun) {
    if (cachedSetTimeout === setTimeout) {
        //normal enviroments in sane situations
        return setTimeout(fun, 0);
    }
    // if setTimeout wasn't available but was latter defined
    if ((cachedSetTimeout === defaultSetTimout || !cachedSetTimeout) && setTimeout) {
        cachedSetTimeout = setTimeout;
        return setTimeout(fun, 0);
    }
    try {
        // when when somebody has screwed with setTimeout but no I.E. maddness
        return cachedSetTimeout(fun, 0);
    } catch(e){
        try {
            // When we are in I.E. but the script has been evaled so I.E. doesn't trust the global object when called normally
            return cachedSetTimeout.call(null, fun, 0);
        } catch(e){
            // same as above but when it's a version of I.E. that must have the global object for 'this', hopfully our context correct otherwise it will throw a global error
            return cachedSetTimeout.call(this, fun, 0);
        }
    }


}
function runClearTimeout(marker) {
    if (cachedClearTimeout === clearTimeout) {
        //normal enviroments in sane situations
        return clearTimeout(marker);
    }
    // if clearTimeout wasn't available but was latter defined
    if ((cachedClearTimeout === defaultClearTimeout || !cachedClearTimeout) && clearTimeout) {
        cachedClearTimeout = clearTimeout;
        return clearTimeout(marker);
    }
    try {
        // when when somebody has screwed with setTimeout but no I.E. maddness
        return cachedClearTimeout(marker);
    } catch (e){
        try {
            // When we are in I.E. but the script has been evaled so I.E. doesn't  trust the global object when called normally
            return cachedClearTimeout.call(null, marker);
        } catch (e){
            // same as above but when it's a version of I.E. that must have the global object for 'this', hopfully our context correct otherwise it will throw a global error.
            // Some versions of I.E. have different rules for clearTimeout vs setTimeout
            return cachedClearTimeout.call(this, marker);
        }
    }



}
var queue = [];
var draining = false;
var currentQueue;
var queueIndex = -1;

function cleanUpNextTick() {
    if (!draining || !currentQueue) {
        return;
    }
    draining = false;
    if (currentQueue.length) {
        queue = currentQueue.concat(queue);
    } else {
        queueIndex = -1;
    }
    if (queue.length) {
        drainQueue();
    }
}

function drainQueue() {
    if (draining) {
        return;
    }
    var timeout = runTimeout(cleanUpNextTick);
    draining = true;

    var len = queue.length;
    while(len) {
        currentQueue = queue;
        queue = [];
        while (++queueIndex < len) {
            if (currentQueue) {
                currentQueue[queueIndex].run();
            }
        }
        queueIndex = -1;
        len = queue.length;
    }
    currentQueue = null;
    draining = false;
    runClearTimeout(timeout);
}

process.nextTick = function (fun) {
    var args = new Array(arguments.length - 1);
    if (arguments.length > 1) {
        for (var i = 1; i < arguments.length; i++) {
            args[i - 1] = arguments[i];
        }
    }
    queue.push(new Item(fun, args));
    if (queue.length === 1 && !draining) {
        runTimeout(drainQueue);
    }
};

// v8 likes predictible objects
function Item(fun, array) {
    this.fun = fun;
    this.array = array;
}
Item.prototype.run = function () {
    this.fun.apply(null, this.array);
};
process.title = 'browser';
process.browser = true;
process.env = {};
process.argv = [];
process.version = ''; // empty string to avoid regexp issues
process.versions = {};

function noop() {}

process.on = noop;
process.addListener = noop;
process.once = noop;
process.off = noop;
process.removeListener = noop;
process.removeAllListeners = noop;
process.emit = noop;
process.prependListener = noop;
process.prependOnceListener = noop;

process.listeners = function (name) { return [] }

process.binding = function (name) {
    throw new Error('process.binding is not supported');
};

process.cwd = function () { return '/' };
process.chdir = function (dir) {
    throw new Error('process.chdir is not supported');
};
process.umask = function() { return 0; };

归根结底这是一个假的process

@dislido 感谢解答,有莫大帮助

@billyhoomm 看到node-libs-browser 才知道原来啥东西都能造个假- -,还是感谢一楼科普

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